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Experience italy - Cultural route

The art and architecture in Sicily
Sicily is not only a land of myths, full of monuments in greek style, Roman, Arab and Norman. Another way to know deep down there and go through the testimonies of the tradition. The memory of the crafts of the past such as the salt worker, of tuna fishermen and the hard work of the miners in the deep heart of the island, reveals aspects essential to understand the soul of Sicily. A land which houses to remind both the daily work tools related to customs and traditions popular, both the puppets and marionettes, true works of art used in the centuries to sing legendary epic feats.

Puppet Museum in Palermo

The Opera puppet in Sicily has two matrices: that of storytelling that storytellers did every day in the streets and the gestural dance with swords, ancient representation of the battle between good and evil, linked to fertility rites in the peasant culture . Is due to the initiative of Antonio Pasqualino, authentic archaeologist imaginative world of puppets, the creation of an extraordinary museum with a rich collection of marionettes, figures of shadow theater eastern scenarios and panels from all over the world. Located in the Kalsa, the old Arab quarter, the museum in 800 square meters on two floors includes more than 3,500 specimens of puppets and marionettes to threads and stick, glove puppets. The building also houses a library with 3,000 volumes of puppets and folk traditions, the video store with the recording of theater performances of different countries; also it offers live entertainment, workshops and exhibitions. The first rooms are devoted to Sicilian puppets, school Palermo and Catania; in particular they can admire the delicate facial features puppet theater of Gaspare Canino (XIX sec.). The second section is devoted to the European tradition (as the English Punch and Judy) and outside Europe with a wide selection of oriental pieces: puppets from Indian, Burmese, Vietnamese, Thai and African, presented in an attractive twilight evoking memories exotic distant. A real trip around the world through the puppets and the stories they tell.

Ethnographic museums of arts and popular traditions
The Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions of Modica

In Modica, at the Museum of Arts and Popular Traditions, revived arts and crafts of the past, some of which still have contact with the present. The characteristic feature of the museum is that the objects are placed in their natural environment, that is inserted into the faithful reconstructions of workshops testifying directly usage. You can admire, for example, a copy of the distinctive Sicilian cart, ancient means of transport that changes size and style based on the importance of family affiliation, the artisan workshops typical of the area as the mielaio, the cabinetmaker, the saddler, the blacksmith, the shoemaker, the tinsmith who saldava pots and jugs, the worker of the barrel, the carpenter, the stonemason who worked the stone, the tailor, the repairer of the carts, the barber and the dolciere. Real attraction of this Museum, which occupies the first floor of the eighteenth century former convent of the Friars Mercenaries, is definitely playing the typical farm Modica, headquarters of the family permanently resident in the country and the economic center of rural life. Here we were rebuilt courtyard with its unique pavement and environments such as the kitchen, full of many useful tools for the preparation and preservation of bread and local cheese, the bedroom and the room of the weaving.

Museum of Palazzolo Acreide

Among the narrow streets of the quarter is the Casa Museo Antonio Uccello. Fruit of the labor of love Sicilian ethnologist, preserves important evidence of material life and folklore ibleo and isolate. The house, now become regional museum has kept intact the environment of their manor houses local: the ground floor are situated the oil mill, the barn, the barn and warehouse; a mezzanine floor there is the house itself. Each room features furniture, household goods, tools, clothes, everyday objects and everything else belonged to that world of the past that this extraordinary monument to civilization and to the memory iblea has preserved. From furniture to ceramics, from tools to work up to the scenic elements of puppet theater; various artifacts from different periods divided by function, forms and reasons of decorum, communicate a millenary cultural continuity, the "long life" that characterizes the life and history of the communities of this corner of Sicily.

Museum Buscemi

A few kilometers from Palazzolo, perched on a hill, Buscemi has a unique and interesting museum, The Places Labour Farmer, whose rooms are spread throughout the center. It is in fact eight rooms that trace the work and life of the people of the Iblei. It ranges from the workshops of the blacksmith, the shoemaker and the carpenter, the millstone where occurred the crushing of grapes, to the mill where Gabriele Lavia has set the scene of the film "The wolf" with Monica Guerritore, Raoul Bova, and Michele Placido. The visit continues in the "house massaru ro", typical house of the small landowner in the area, expression of the middle class of the peasants of eastern Sicily. The interior consists of four rooms: the entrance, the kitchen where it is kept a stone hearth (the tannura), the weaving room (room ro tilaru) where you can watch the production process to the frame and the bedroom the big double bed and a very special cradle hanging from the ceiling (the cowl), clothing and kit dowry by the bride.

The salt road

Along the road from Trapani to Paceco and Marsala along the lagoon Stagnone where Motya, are visible dazzlingly white mountains shimmering in the sun. It is not snow-covered rocks, but the salt marshes, one of the historic resources of the Sicilian economy very valuable since the time of the Phoenicians who were the first to production technologies. The favorable climatic conditions such as shallow water, high temperature and wind that promotes evaporation, help to create the evocative and unreal scenario from the salt, forming an immense chessboard that ranges in color from green to pink. The tourist route to visit the salt wind along the banks of ponds and along the banks of the shimmering pools for the crystallization of salt, reached the islets on which tower restored windmills, memory of the time when they were the main tools to pump water and grind the salt. A panorama to be enjoyed, preferably at sunset, when everything is tinged with rosso.Museo salt.

Salt museum of Nubia

Along the coastal road SP 21 towards Marsala, the first stage of the salt route is Nubia, home of the WWF that manages the Natural Reserve of Saline of Trapani and Paceco., Where in a house salaria 300 years old has been established "Salt Museum." Here are the steps of processing salt and kept some tools used for extraction and collection: gears of mills, blades, gears, pins, pinions. The explanatory panels on the walls and photos of the salt to work, contribute to immerse the visitor in the world of salt and to bring it closer to a trade in its own time and its rituals that are handed down from father to son. Little known activity at the base of which was the passion and a special relationship with the sea water very similar to that experienced by fishermen.

Salt Museum and Ettore Infersa (Marsala)

Following the main road SP 21 in the direction of the Lagoon are the most spectacular salt. A sign indicates that of "Ettore and Infersa". It is due to the passion of these two men, who have restored and put back into operation a mill over five hundred years old, once indispensable for grinding salt, if you can still enjoy the charm of the work of the past. The mill star or "Dutch" is composed of a truncated cone, a dome and six blades of trapezoidal shape with the wooden skeleton, which are applied to the fabric sails that move in the wind. Within a complex system of gears and gear orients the dome and the blades using wind power to grind the salt or to pump water. In this case the mill is connected to the so-called Archimedes screw. The blades can rotate at a speed of 20 km / h and develop a power of 120 horsepower; to operate the mill placed in rooms on the ground floor needs at least 30/40 horses.

Source Ciane

A few kilometers from Syracuse you can visit the nature trail consists of the reserve of Ciane-Saline. E 'managed since 1984 by the Province and was established to revitalize and protect the papyrus, aquatic plant of Egyptian origin, perhaps introduced in the area as early as the third century. BC, which grows along the banks of the river forming the largest colony in Europe. This river environment is the ideal habitat for the survival of many species of resident and migratory birds: Knights of Italy, moorhens and various large waders. Of great interest is the source of the river Ciane, scenery of myths and legends, where they form a circular pond characterized by blue-green. From "cyanos", greek word referring to this particular shade, hence the name of the stream, surrounded by papyrus similar to those found in the Nile. The river Ciane can be traced from the mouth with the paddle boats. A journey that delights the tourists today the same way as travelers of the seventeenth century. A walking path takes a maximum of two hours. In the midst of thick reeds and papyrus up to four meters high, the route goes down the first part of the river Ciane, starting from the sources. After leaving the cars in the shade of majestic eucalyptus, near the bridge, you are walking along the two banks in several places connected by rustic bridges. Once at the mouth they can admire the remains of the abandoned salt pans

The trap of Favignana (Trapani)

Under the pinnacles of Calarossa tufa-like spiers of castles, he was consumed the first Punic War. But the island of Favignana has become important for another reason: tuna fishing, already practiced by the Phoenicians but ritualized by the Arabs in the manner in which it is known today. A ceremonial made of propitiatory songs and rhythmic times punctuated by the voice of the Rais, the head of the trap. For the fortunate position the island is washed by sea currents where tuna are the ideal conditions to breed. Since ancient times an ingenious system of networks leading flocks to the place where the massacre took place. In the last century thanks to the Florio family, owners of the island and fishing rights since 1874, was introduced the system of conservation in oil and created an imposing production which made the tuna industry unique. The activity of the trap Florio ceased in the 70s and the austere buildings of the factory by the sea have become a real industrial monument that bears witness to the golden age of tuna fishing in this part of Africa in Sicily

The trap of Scopello (Trapani)

A strip of land high and jagged overlooking the water of deep blue color located about an hour's drive from Palermo. Here in the bays hiding lonely strips of sand and pebbles often accessible only by sea. In this natural paradise lies the village of Scopello, small but rich in tradition. A place that has managed to keep over time: a few houses, the beam, a church and the stacks of the trap. The latter, one of the oldest of the island no longer in use, is the testimony of an activity once flourishing. Evokes the charm of an abandoned place, feeling also increased because of the silence that surrounds it, broken only by the sound of the waves. Remained intact buildings in which "death chamber" was practiced the cruel massacre, the warehouse where it was stowed tuna and anchors used for networks, still visible.

The trap of Porto Palo di Capo Passero (SR)

Owned by the Knight Peter Bruno of Belmonte, the Tonnara of Portopalo, extreme southeastern tip of Sicily at which the waters of the Ionian Sea meets the Channel of Sicily, it was a production plant thriving in the twentieth century. and today is a splendid monument of industrial archeology. They can see the balata, the loggia and the plant for tuna processing, the big furnace, the warehouses, the church of the seventeenth century. Here came the tuna that before then slaughtered and processed, formed over the centuries an important economic asset for the entire population of the place. When the trap was still in business, already in early March began maintenance work of the great oak boats, nearly twenty meters long, that, kept in department stores during the winter, were pulled out for "pitching" of keels. The heavy nets were checked and repaired. The big anchors, placed appropriately on the bottom, forming a sort of obligatory passage to conduct tuna in the "death chamber" to the orders of the chief Rais. At the end of the massacre he was returning to shore to unload all fish: tuna, transported with carts, they were led into a large room to be gutted and cleaned. Then he went to the boil in the ovens, and finally, the conservation with olive oil.


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